Pointe-du-Lac Site

Pointe-du-Lac Site | Saint-Flavien Site

The following is an overview of Intragaz’s facilities, which were commissioned in 1991.

Pointe-du-Lac Site

image 3.1.1The Pointe-du-Lac reservoir is located approximately 100 km northeast of Montreal on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River, 12 km west of Trois-Rivières. The reservoir is oval shaped with the long axis oriented NE/SW. It is approximately 3 km long and 1 km wide. This depleted gas reservoir in an aquifer is primarily used for peak shaving. It is connected to the TQM Pipeline transportation system located 3 km north of the compressor station.

Nature of the Site

The reservoir is composed of unconsolidated sand deposited there after the next-to-last glaciation approximately 120,000 years ago. Its thickness ranges from several meters to more than 10 meters, and it is only 60 to 120 meters deep. The structure was created by the presence of a structural elevation in geological basement formations covered by glaciofluvial sand deposits with an impermeable clay layer serving as cap rock. The exceptionally high permeability and porosity of the sand make the storage site ideal for peak shaving.

Thanks to the reservoir’s injection and withdrawal capacity, the working capacity can be cycled up to almost four times a year. It is recognized as one of the most shallow storage site in operation. Its natural low pressure means that during withdrawal high compression is required in order to be able to inject into the gas network.

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Cut-Away View

The following cut-away view shows the current Pointe-du-Lac site.

Schematic cross section PDL

Schematic cross section PDL

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Site Capacity

Due to its injection and withdrawal capacities, the site is used mainly for meeting the winter peak but can also be used for seasonal volumes. The following table shows the site’s specifications.

2009
Working capacity 22 700 103m3 0.8 Bcf
Max. withdrawal rate 1 200 103m3/d 42.4 MMcfd
Max. injection rate 2 400 103m3/d 84.8 MMcfd

 

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Main Site Components

The Pointe-du-Lac site is unique for its high permeability and geological homogeneity. The equipment listed below are used to exploit the site’s injection and withdrawal capacities:

  • 13 injection/withdrawal wells equipped with gas/water separators
  • 14 peripherial observation wells
  • 4 upper aquifer observation wells
  • 1 water reinjection wells and a collection system for withdrawn water
  • 1 collection basin and 1 pumping station for withdrawn water
  • 2.5 km of low pressure line for natural gas collection/injection
  • 2.9 km of high pressure gas pipeline connecting the storage site to the TQM Pipeline transportation system
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Site Process

Because of a shallow storage area (approx. 70 m), pressure in the reservoir is low (740 to 250 kPa) and in particular much lower than the operating pressure of the pipeline it is connected to (7,000 kPa). This means that, unlike most of the world’s storage sites, the gas must be compressed during withdrawal and, conversely, pressure must be reduced prior to injection into the reservoir.

Injection begins with gas filtration and reheating. Next, the gas is initially decompressed to 1,500 kPa to feed the gathering system, and then decompressed a second time at each well prior to injection into the deposit.

image 3.1.1.5

The free water generated during withdrawal is separated from the gas by a separation module at each well. The wet gas from the wells is transferred to the compressor station via three compressor units, then dehydrated for transport through the gas system.

image 3.1.1.5b

 

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